Your assignment is to prepare and submit a paper on bacteriocins and their impact on our lives and agriculture. The seeds for the possible antagonistic interaction between competing bacteria were planted by Pasteur and Joubert in 1877, through their observation of the inhibitory action of some strains of Escherichia coli (E.coli) on the growth of Bacillus anthracis in infected animals. Andre Gratia was the first to uncover the inhibition property of bacteriocins in a compound he named colicin v, which was released by a virulent strain of E.coli bacteria. In 1954, Pierre Frederic uncovered the genetic determinates of colicin, as a conjugation transmissible element that is similar to the F factor. Since then a host of bacteriocins have been discovered, and our understanding of the usefulness of bacteriocins moves forward (Scienceray, 2012).
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