Running head: SUGARCANE ETHANOL IN BRAZILSugarcane Ethanol in Brazil1SUGARCANE ETHANOL IN BRAZIL2Title: Sugarcane ethanol in BrazilThesis: Sugarcane ethanol refers to a fuel, which an alcohol-based generated through themolasses and sugar juice fermentation. Owing to the fact that it is incredibly clean, reasonablypriced as well as the biofuel that has low-carbon, sugarcane ethanol typically has come out to bethe most valuable renewable fuel in support of the transportation unit.I.IntroductionA. Thesis: Sugarcane ethanol refers to a fuel, which an alcohol-based generated through themolasses and sugar juice fermentation. Owing to the fact that it is incredibly clean,reasonably priced as well as the biofuel that has low-carbon, sugarcane ethanol typicallyhas come out to be the most valuable renewable fuel in support of the transportation unit.Brazil has been second largest world sugar ethanol producer (Wilkinson and Herrera,2010). Besides, up to the year 2010, it was still the largest global exporter of thesugarcane ethanol fuel. Brazil together with the United States heads the production ofsugar ethanol industrially. Brazil is deemed to possess the globe’s foremost biofueleconomy which very sustainable alongside being the leader in the biofuel industry(Gasparatos et al., 2012). The country is the policy model meant for other statesproducing sugar ethanol. Likewise, Brazil’s sugarcane ethanol has been substantiallyvictorious option fuel so far. Similarly, some analysts still think that a thriving BrazilianB.sugar ethanol form is merely sustainable withinBrazil owing to the country’s highly developed agro-industrial know-how alongside itsvast quantity of arable track of land that is highly accessible. Similarly, another analystconsiders that the sugar ethanol in Brazil is merely the a solution in support of somestates within Latin America, Africa together with the Caribbean, that is, tropical zonecountries. Brazil’s thirty-seven-year-old program for sugarcane ethanol fuel has beenanchored in the largely well-organized technology for agriculture meant for theSUGARCANE ETHANOL IN BRAZIL3cultivation of sugarcane internationally. The sugarcane cultivation in Brazil employscurrent equipment as well as inexpensive sugar cane as a feedstock. The left behindcane-waste or to some extent known as the bagasse usually is utilized in the generationII.of power and heatWhat are the major ways in which sugarcane ethanol can be put into use in Brazil?A. The sugarcane ethanol can be mixed with gasoline to the degrees of the range of 6 upto 28 percent so as to reduce the usage of petroleum. The sugarcane ethanol cansimilarly increase the ratings of octane as well as assist in cutting tailpipe dischargesB. Sugarcane generates pure ethanol .The fuel is composed of 86% up to 100% ethanolrelying on the specifications of the state (Tessum, Marshall and Hill ,2012) .Theabsolute ethanol made from the sugarcane may be employed in specifically in theIII.designing of engines for the motor vehicles.What are the benefits of the sugarcane ethanol in Brazil?A. Cleaner air. The sugarcane ethanol produced in Brazil is of greater benefit to theentire nation. The ethanol supplements oxygen towards the gasoline that assists inreducing the pollution of air as well as unsafe discharges within tailpipe exhaust. Thisis quite beneficial to the nation as it makes the citizens live in safer environments.B. Decreased emissions of the greenhouse gasses. When compared with the petroleum,sugarcane ethanol reduces the emission of the carbon dioxide to the air by almost90% approximately (Capaz, Carvalho and Nogueira, 2013). That is quite excellent ascompared to whichever other biofuel liquid produced at commercial scale today.C. Better performance. Sugarcane ethanol is a high-octane fuel that assists in preventingengine knocking as well as provides additional energy for the advanced compressionengines. This helps in the automobile manufacturing industries since the ethanolassists the engineers in designing best engines for the consumption by the generalpublic.SUGARCANE ETHANOL IN BRAZIL4D. Lower petroleum utilization. Sugar ethanol cuts international reliance on oil. This isbecause the sugarcane ethanol typically turns out to be the most excellent support of the diversifying the supplies of power within the nation.What are the primary key factors for the success of Brazil as a nation?A. Sugarcane ethanol. The country as mentioned above is the major worldwide producerfor the sugarcane ethanol. Besides, it is the pioneer when it comes to the usage ofethanol as the fuel for the motor vehicles. In the year 2013/14, the countriesproduction of sugarcane ethanol reached 85 billion gallons. Majorly, such output isutilized within the domestic marketplace. In such market, the sugarcane ethanol issold as the ethanol fuel that is still pure or rather is mixed with the gasoline for sale.B. Flex fuel motor vehicles. Over 90% of the newly automobiles that are being soldcurrently in this country are flex-fuel owing to the demand for the consumers.Besides, these flex fuel engines presently make up three-quarters the state’s total lightmotor fleet. This is a notable achievement within a decade. Consequently, Brazilianconsumers lack no alternative of pumping their cars by using sugarcane ethanol. Thisis because of its cheap price alongside being friendly to the environmentally. This hasmade such fuel to be an alternative for the county.V.ConclusionA. Sugarcane ethanol nowadays is produced from sucrose gotten in molasses andsugarcane juice (Somerville et al., 2010). This present procedure taps merely a thirdof the energy sugarcane might provide. The remaining two-thirds are locked withinthe surplus cane fiber (known as bagasse) as well as straw. Whereas some of suchenergy generated is turned into bioelectricity, scientists currently have revealed newtechniques for producing ethanol. The method discovered is called cellulosic ethanolwhere the ethanol is produced from the remnants of the sugarcane materials.SUGARCANE ETHANOL IN BRAZIL5B. If the process is implemented, then Brazil is likely to move forward in terms of thesugarcane ethanol production.SUGARCANE ETHANOL IN BRAZIL6ReferencesCapaz, R. S., Carvalho, V. S. B., & Nogueira, L. A. H. (2013). Impact of mechanization andprevious burning reduction on GHG emissions of sugarcane harvesting operations inBrazil. Applied Energy, 102, 220-228.Gasparatos, A., Lee, L. Y., Von Maltitz, G. P., Mathai, M. V., Puppim de Oliveira, J. A., & Willis,K. J. (2012). Biofuels in Africa: impacts on ecosystem services, biodiversity and humanwell-being. United Nations University Institute of Advanced Studies.Somerville, C., Youngs, H., Taylor, C., Davis, S. C., & Long, S. P. (2010). Feedstocks forlignocellulosic biofuels. Science(Washington), 329(5993), 790-792.Tessum, C. W., Marshall, J. D., & Hill, J. D. (2012). A spatially and temporally explicit life cycleinventory of air pollutants from gasoline and ethanol in the United States. Environmentalscience & technology, 46(20), 11408-11417.Wilkinson, J., & Herrera, S. (2010). Biofuels in Brazil: debates and impacts. The Journal ofPeasant Studies, 37(4), 749-768.



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