Provide a 5 pages analysis while answering the following question: The Work of Mary Ainsworth and William A. Corsaro about Children Relationships. Prepare this assignment according to the guidelines found in the APA Style Guide. An abstract is required. Firstly, both psychologists based their ethnographic studies of children on the primary observation of their responses in different scenarios, and drew a connection between the child’s social behavior and the influence of the adult. Ainsworth’s study, suggested that behavior in the “strange situation classification was determined by the behavior of the primary carer or the adult.” (McLeod 2008). The procedure observed the child’s behavior through seven episodes, three minutes each, during which the child is exposed to seven different scenarios. This procedure measured and assessed four aspects of the child’s behavior — separation anxiety, willingness to explore, stranger anxiety and reunion anxiety. Based on the responses to these four aspects, the attachment styles of children were seen to be of one secure type and two insecure types — secure attachment, insecure resistant attachment, and insecure-avoidant attachment. The child that is securely attached is avoidant of the stranger when alone but is friendly in the presence of the caregiver, is distressed when the caregiver leaves proximity but is happy when she returns. The child that is ‘resistantly attached’ avoids interaction with a stranger entirely and furthermore, expresses fear of the stranger. Furthermore, it is intensely distressed when the caregiver leaves but is resistant when she returns. The third kind is a child that follows an insecure avoidant/ambivalent attachment style. This child is seen to be comfortable with a stranger regardless of whether the caregiver is present or not, and is not greatly affected by the separation from or reunion with the caregiver. Securely attached children were seen to have a positive image of other people, believing that strangers will be helpful, while children with an avoidant attachment considered themselves unworthy. ‘Resistantly attached’ children however, were seen to exaggerate their needs in an attempt to gain attention. The conclusion drawn from Ainsworth’s study is that the social behavior of a child is greatly influenced by adults, in this case, particularly the caregiver. .
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