Probable cause is a requirement of the Fourth Amendment and is defined as a reasonable basis that a crime may have been committed (Busby, 2017a). Probable cause also refers to officers being certain that evidence of a crime will be present in the place that they would like to search. For an officer to secure an arrest, the officer’s knowledge must lead to a reasonable suspicion that the individual has committed, is committing, or is about to commit a crime (Busby, 2017a). This probable cause must come from facts and evidence and cannot be made solely off of the officer’s suspicion.
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