Create a 5 pages page paper that discusses identification of learning disabilities in early childhood. These theories will be used for understanding how different learning methodologies can assist a dyslexic student to overcome a learning disability. This analysis of theories concerning learning disabilities like dyslexia is supported by a case illustration of someone I know from childhood. I have studied with this individual and have also spent several years observing him coping with dyslexia with the help of his parents and teachers following theories like social learning and experiential learning theories. Case Study The case study involves my childhood friend James who was my neighbor as well as my classmate. James was often seen as facing difficulty in class reading assignments and finding it relatively difficult to differentiate between similar looking alphabetical letters and numbers. he also often complained about numbers and alphabets dancing in the notebook. Due to this inability to understand the figures shown to him, he was incapable of understanding and comprehending on the lessons taught to him like other normal students and same was reflected in his grades as well. Harsh teacher’s attitude, constant pressure from his parents about low grades in academics and social stigma demonstrated by his schoolfellows made him opt for less social contact. However, he was often appeared to be stimulated by drawing, figures, statues and anything having the apparent appearance. James’ mother being a former educationist herself identified this learning disability when James was in second grade. The positive side of this identification was relatively less pressure at home which made him trust his parents and also increased his confidence level. James told me that he was having a tutor after that who taught him with the help of sand trays, note cards, drawings, colors books and many other fun activities that make him memorize and understand the lesson being taught. Even they were found playing in the neighborhood park with sand and singing different poems out loud that was part of our curriculum however according to him, that was his study time and he was not playing. Since James’ mother wanted him to continue him to study with normal children, she sought assistance from his teachers’ as well. We often saw our teachers handing out different notes to him containing visual content about the lesson intended for that class. Slowly and gradually, James began to gain the understanding of what was being taught to him. He was able to identify differences between similar numbers and alphabets and his grades started getting better with the same reflecting in his confidence as well. Theoretical Analysis Analyzing James’ learning disability and his coping with it helped in understanding how the magnocellular theory of dyslexia, social learning theory, and Kolb’s experiential learning can be used to design treatment for dyslexic children. Since dyslexic patient faces difficulties in reading, phonological tasks, memorizing things and phonics skills along with other tasks, having an auditory support for visual imagery can help in understanding and fulfilling phonological needs of reading (Department for Education & Skills, 2004). This illustration helped in understanding why James and his tutor used to sing poems while watching visuals of it.
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