accounting-Variable-Costing and Absorption-Costing Income
Variable-Costing and Absorption-Costing Income
Borques Company produces and sells wooden
pallets that are used for moving and stacking materials. The operating costs
for the past year were as follows:
Variable costs per unit:
Fixed costs per year:
Selling and administrative
During the year, Borques produced 200,000
wooden pallets and sold 204,300 at $9 each. Borques had 8,200 pallets in
beginning finished goods inventory; costs have not changed from last year to
this year. An actual costing system is used for product costing.
is the per-unit inventory cost that is acceptable for reporting on Borques’s
balance sheet at the end of the year? How many units are in ending inventory?
What is the total cost of ending inventory? Round the per unit amount to the
Per-unit inventory cost
Units in ending inventory
Total ending inventory
absorption-costing operating income.
Connection: What would the per-unit inventory cost be under variable costing?
Round to the nearest cent.
variable-costing operating income.
Activity Costing, Assigning Resource Costs, Primary and
Elmo Clinic has identified three activities
for daily maternity care: occupancy and feeding, nursing, and nursing
supervision. The nursing supervisor oversees 150 nurses, 25 of whom are maternity
nurses (the other nurses are located in other care areas such as the emergency
room and intensive care). The nursing supervisor has three assistants, a
secretary, several offices, computers, phones, and furniture. The three
assistants spend 75% of their time on the supervising activity and 25% of their
time as surgical nurses. They each receive a salary of $60,000. The nursing
supervisor has a salary of $80,000. She spends 100% of her time supervising.
The secretary receives a salary of $35,000 per year. Other costs directly
traceable to the supervisory activity (depreciation, utilities, phone, etc.)
average $170,000 per year.
Daily care output is measured as “patient
days.” The clinic has traditionally assigned the cost of daily care by
using a daily rate (a rate per patient day). Daily rates can differ between
units, but within units the daily rates are the same for all patients. Under
the traditional approach, the daily rate is computed by dividing the annual
costs of occupancy and feeding, nursing, and a share of supervision by the
unit’s capacity expressed in patient days. The cost of supervision is assigned
to each care area based on the number of nurses. A single driver (patient days)
is used to assign the costs of daily care to each patient.
A pilot study has revealed that the demands
for nursing care vary within the maternity unit, depending on the severity of a
patient’s case. Assume that the maternity unit has three levels of increasing
severity: normal patients, cesarean patients, and patients with complications.
The pilot study provided the following activity and cost information:
Occupancy and feeding
Nursing care (maternity)
Hours of nursing care
Number of nurses
The pilot study also revealed the following
information concerning the three types of patients and their annual demands:
the cost per patient day by using an activity-based approach. (Round rates and
unit cost to two decimal places.)
Daily Rate (per patient day)
Connection: The hospital processes 1,250,000 pounds of laundry per year. The
cost for the laundering activity is $600,000 per year. In a functional-based
cost system, the cost of the laundry department is assigned to each user
department in proportion to the pounds of laundry produced. Typically,
maternity produces 240,000 pounds per year. How much would this change the cost
per patient day calculated in Requirement 1? Round your answer to the nearest
$per patient day
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