accounting-Green Thumb operates a commercial plant nursery
Green Thumb operates a commercial plant nursery where it propagates plants for garden centers throughout the region. Green Thumb has $4,800,000 in assets. Itsyearly fixed costs are $600,000, and the variable costs for the potting soil, container, label, seedling, and labor for each gallon-size plant total $1.35. Green Thumb’svolume is currently 470,000 units. Competitors offer the same plants, at the same quality, to garden centers for $3.60 each. Garden centers then mark them up tosell to the public for $9 to $12, depending on the type of plant.Requirements:1. Green Thumb’s owners want to earn a 10% return on the company’s assets. What is Green Thumb’s target full cost?2. Given Green Thumb’s current costs, will its owners be able to achieve their target profit?3. Assume Green Thumb has identified ways to cut its variable costs to $1.20 per unit. What is its new target fixed cost? Will this decrease in variable costs allow thecompany to achieve its target profit?4. Green Thumb started an aggressive advertising campaign strategy to differentiate its plants from those grown by other nurseries. Monrovia Plants made thisstrategy work, so Green Thumb has decided to try it too. Green Thumb does not expect volume to be affected, but it hopes to gain more control over pricing. IfGreen Thumb has to spend $115,000 this year to advertise, and its variable costs continue to be $1.20 per unit, what will its cost-plus price be? Do you think GreenThumb will be able to sell its plants to garden centers at the cost-plus price? Why or why not?Members of the board of directors of Safe Zone has received the following operating income data for the year ended May 31, 2012:SAFE ZONEIncome StatementFor the Year Ended May 31, 2012Sales revenueCost of goods sold:VariableFixedTotal cost of goods soldGross profitMarketing and administrative expenses:VariableFixedTotal marketing and administrative exp.Operating income (loss)Product LineIndustrial HouseholdSystemsSystems$370,000$390,000Total$760,00036,000260,000$296,000$74,00042,00065,000$107,000$283,00078,000325,000$403,000$357,00066,00044,000$110,00075,00024,000$99,000$184,000141,00068,000$209,000$148,000$(36,000)Members of the board are surprised that the industrial systems product line is losing money. They commission a study to determine whether the company shoulddrop the line. Company accountants estimate that dropping industrial systems will decrease fixed cost of goods sold by $84,000 and decrease fixed marketing andadministrative expenses by $14,000.Requirements:1. Prepare an incremental analysis to show whether Safe Zone should drop the industrial systems product line.2. Prepare contribution margin income statements to show Safe Zone’s total operating income under the two alternatives: (a) with the industrial systems line and(b) without the line. Compare the difference between the two alternatives’ income numbers to your answer to Requirement 1.3. What have you learned from the comparison in Requirement 2?Outdoor Life manufactures snowboards. Its cost of making 2,000 bindings is as follows:Direct materialsDirect laborVariable overheadFixed overheadTotal manufacturing cost for 2,000 bindings$17,5503,4002,0406,300$29,290Suppose Lancaster will sell bindings to Outdoor Life for $14 each. Outdoor Life would pay $3 per unit to transport the bindings to its manufacturing plant, whereit would add its own logo at a cost of $0.70 per binding.Requirements:1. Outdoor Life’s accountants predict that purchasing the bindings from Lancaster will enable the company to avoide $2,100 of fixed overhead. Prepare ananalysis to show whether Outdoor Life should make or buy the bindings.Smith Petroleum has spent $204,000 to refine 62,000 gallons of petroleum distillate, which can be sold for $6.40 a gallon. Alternatively, Smithcan process the distillate further and produce 56,000 gallons of cleaner fluid. The additional processing will cost $1.75 per gallon of distillate.The cleaner fluid can be sold for $9.00 a gallon. To sell the cleaner fluid, Smith must pay a sales commission of $0.13 a gallon and atransportation charge of $0.18 a gallon.Requirements:1. Diagram Smith’s decision alternatives.2. Identify the sunk cost. Is the sunk cost relevant to Smith’s decision?3. Should Smith sell the petroleum distillate or process it into cleaner fluid? Show the expected net revenue difference between the twoalternatives.