ACCOUNTING-Global leadership is a study that lays a focus on notable elements
of a Global Leader
Global leadership is a study that lays a
focus on notable elements that future leaders in all facets of their personal
experience should acquire in order to familiarize themselves with effects of globalization be they of
a geographical context, social, political or economic dimension, anthropological and psychological
dimensions. The study aims at inculcating openness of thought in future leaders
by exposing them to a global mindset. Such leaders are expected to have a wide
vision of occurrences in order to rationally apply well thought out
solutions. Mendenhall et al (2008) asserts that Global
leaders are individuals with the potency of transforming organizations by
engaging all relevant stakes and considering the past and current trends all
geared towards enhancing mutual trust necessary
all the complexity. In his view
therefore, global leaders have to possess an array of particular set of
knowledge, skills, abilities, personality and motivations that position them to
effectively fulfill global roles.
purpose of this project is to identify qualities that would qualify one a
global leader of choice. The project work tries to point out with a view of
shading light on a cocktail of personal factors that will make one successful
in providing realistic and more concrete solutions to global challenges
pertaining leadership. Global leadership concerns will also be analyzed with a
bearing to the future. Such concerns include but are not limited to Global
security. They need to recognize and appreciate cultural diversity,
technological development, building global partnerships and alliances, global
economy, environment, and human rights as well as sharing leadership (global
leadership). Emphasis will be put on ones responsibility in preparing the self
for work in a complex and competitive work place. The need to foster a positive
self-concept and a sense of direction in once actions are just but part of the
factors involved in preparing one for effective leadership roles. These factors
play a giant role in creating an environment of mutual trust and understanding
and a general feeling of progress among the involved parties.
An analysis of emerging
leadership theories which are of great importance in driving a global agenda
will also be made that is: situational leadership theory, contingence theory
and transformational theory. The three emerging leadership theories despite
sharing some common grounds highlight clear differences in styles used by
leaders to realize success. These theories also point to the fact that leaders
can be made a fact that contradicts the hitherto held notion those leaders is
only born. They call on modern leaders to be observant and flexible in
addressing the flexible needs of their groups. It’s of value noting that having
a correct leader ensures the consistency of the team morale. The process of
developing oneself into a global leader of choice needs to be a well guided
step by step exercise. One has to exercise and show a strong desire to remain
committed to objectively formulated plans. A leader has to exercise a strong
urge to remain within the schedule .he or she has to be aware of global trends
and challenges that require mitigation. these means that one has to willingly
focus the mind towards a global approach in order to overcome personal barriers
towards realizing concrete solutions to pertinent issues of global concerns.
Concerns for the Future
global trends which are the key to driving the global agenda include issues
pertaining economy, security, environment, security, development, human rights
as well global governance. At the core of international agenda is the need to
ensure stability of global finances, in particular curbing enormous wastage in
global finance systems. Developing high integrity and honesty is the key in
mitigating this crisis. A leader also needs to display a unique ability to
connect groups across the globe in bid to champion change which will inspire
and motivate professionalism among those tasked with global finance systems.
There is need to provide stewardship in the formulation of sound policies to
address major sectors of the world’s economy. Evans Gareth  in his
address to India Council for Research on International Economic Themes for the
Future in Delhi notes the lack of a comprehensive and fair worldwide policy to cover
all major sectors. Global security also stands out as a major challenge. There
is need to foster global leadership skills such as problem solving and
collaboration if we are to combat militia groups that have for many decades
barred our march towards global peace and understanding. Environmental
degradation as a result of industrialization by world super powers also needs a
sober approach. There is need for a leader to take initiative and offer
rational guidelines to all nations which will enhance the protection of our
environment. As a leader one has to remain impartial yet cooperative. Such a
skill will ensure the realization of sound policies friendly to the entire
leaders ought to be transformative. They should possess a general urge of
bettering human life on earth. Global partnerships would enhance sharing of
knowledge and ideas which if exploited will enhance universal development
across the Globe. the MDGs offer a
definition of the Global agenda: eradicate extreme poverty and hunger, achieve universal primary
education, promote gender equality and empower women, reduce child mortality,
improve maternal health , combat HIV/ AIDS, malaria and other diseases, ensure
environmental sustainability and develop a global partnership for development. Poverty levels have declined significantly
over the last two decades. In 1990, nearly half of the population in the
developing world lived on less than $1.25 a day; that proportion dropped to 14
per cent in 2015 (MDG report, 2015). The number of people living in extreme
poverty has drastically reduced by more than half, from an estimated 1.9
billion in 1990 to about 836 million in 2015. A considerate progress was noted
since 2000. A global leader needs develop an assessment procedure in Oder to evaluate
the achievement of his or her leadership goals. There has to be an indication
that he or she has a firm grip of the expectations of the wider group under his
stewardship. In this sense mastery of challenge would serve a big role in
ensuring he or he can experiment varied perspectives in bid to get the most
of Human rights also forms part of the Global agenda. A global leader should be
equipped with knowledge on cultural, religious and historical alignments of
various groups of people in order to hatch policies which advance the beauty of
humanity. No group should feel intimidated or oppressed as this may play a
leading role in the formation of extremist groups. While on his trip to Kenya U.S.A president, Barack Obama did in
fact emphasize the need for the world to bring together all groups by offering
a platform where every human being is free to enjoy his or her rights. He noted
that such will enhance a feeling of acceptance among individuals which will in
turn make Global peace a reality.
Theories and Leadership Development Process
world having evolved in to a small global village requires leaders with the
ability to motivate and encourage progressive development. Leadership theories
basically attempt to explain the relationship between the leader and followers.
Current leadership theories lay an emphasis on styles of leadership that are
informed by various situations and circumstances as opposed to individual
characteristics of a leader.
leadership theories contradict earlier theories on leadership development which
advanced the notion that successful leaders are born with characteristics
needed to offer effective leadership. Recent leadership theories assert that
leaders can be made to include, contingency, situational and transformational
leader who employs situational leadership theory tries to modify the leadership
style to the fit the maturity level of the followers. The leader has a keen eye
on each happening in order to adapt the approach to fit these happenings.
Kenneth Blanchard and Paul Hersely (1969) assert that such leaders adapt a
profile that is conversant to the followers in bid to influence them
appropriately. Contingency leadership
theory emphasizes that no single leadership style is appropriate in all
settings, a style which may have been successful in accomplishing a certain
goal may be deemed irrelevant in a particular case. That leaders need to be
flexible in varying their leadership styles if they are to be successful.
Leaders need to be observant of each situation and develop a work plan towards
meeting success while taking cognizance of worst case scenarios. This style of
leadership emphasizes the complexity of situations in determining the most
effective style of leadership. The theory assumes that a leaderâs behavior that
may be qualified appropriate varies depending on the situation (Ebert and
Griffin, 2009).Transformational leaders on the other hand are viewed to be
visionary, they have a burning desire to effect progressive change and they
have the potency to motivate their groups to accommodate the expected changes(Hodgetts
and Luttans, 2000). Bass, 1985; Keegan and Hartog, 2004 emphasize that a
Transformational leader is defined by his ability to come up with a common
vision and identification with the followers
based on more than offering rewards according to the complex nature of
activities. This theory to my view is the best that can be applied to enhance
professional growth and offer direction when address a global agenda. This
leadership style enhances individualsâ self-growth and development a key
element of a successful leader. It helps transform group members in to
individuals able to overcome self-interests for the good of the group. They
also develop morally and are able to be open minded to all sorts of ideas as
well as modify their values and principles to the common goal of the group.
leadership also enhances increased performance as every group member remains committed
to the already set goal of the group. They perform beyond self and expectations
of others. In an article published in âAcademy of management journal, 2002 by
Taly Dyir, on effects on transformational leaders on military training,
experimental cadets under transformative leaders performed well than control
cadets in all areas. Organizational Development and change is easily effected
as effect of transformative leadership extends to all levels. This for instance can be applied to all
issues of global concern such as security, economy, environment, human rights
and global governance.
need to take a leading role in ensuring my growth as a global leader needs not
to be overemphasized. As a student global leader there is need to exercise the
discipline of mind by displaying a firm mastery of all relevant schools of
thoughts across all areas of global concern. Integrating ideas from different
schools of thought in to a coherent body as well as offering clear
communication on the same should remain part of my responsibility if Global
issues are to get the attention they deserve. Portray a highly creative mind in
bid to uncover and clarify all problems and issues affecting the world. This
clarification is mandatory in having a right approach to challenges affecting
the world as a global village.
a mindset that is respectful of the diversity of human existence is paramount
if I am to ensure objectivity in addressing human challenges. This will play a
major role in eliminating biases. This must go alongside the development of an
ethical mind which serves to direct one to service, that one willingly carries
out responsibilities assigned to a particular area with no push. Communication
skills ought to be developed in a manner that brings clarity and eliminates
ambiguity in statements made. Each student leader should hence be responsible
for: discussing emerging issues in a
rational and respectful manner with others; representing ideas of their
assigned groups with no biases; exercising an open mind for alternative views;
coming up with a set of talking points to support their ideas with well
elaborated points that are empirical.
on my findings, there is need to effect improvement in visioning in order to
make an accurate forecast on issues to be mitigated and which may be
catastrophic to global safety. Though the ability to empower others seems good,
more initiative should be made to offer forums where practicing the same will
be much easier. The development of a global mindset is an area of strength.
However, more needs to be done in bid to nature an open minded overview on
global events. Global leaders ought to be resilience to stress to perform their
tasks. Emotional integrity is of great value towards offering good global
leadership. There is a need to be honest with the boundaries of your knowledge
and to seek alternative ideas where your thinking obstructs the process of
Personal Plan Towards
the Development of Global Leadership Competences.
order to develop myself into a global leader of choice the below plan will be
of value in ensuring the attainment of all the goals that will steer me towards
the right skills that make one a successful global leader. The target skill
areas identified and which need to be developed are required together with
other general leadership skills such as decision making, ability to manage
results and change, strategic thinking , team building etc. Goals will be identified under each
skill area and which will help in deriving activities that best meet them.
Evaluation of the progress will also be based on the identified goals and will
be at a formative and summative stage.
The plan to be
implemented comprises six steps as illustrated below;
STEP 1: IDENTIFICATION
OF SKILL AREAS FOR IMPROVEMENT.
skill areas here are basically related to global thinking, appreciation of
cultural diversity, development off a technological mindset, global
partnerships and alliances and shared leadership.
STEP 2: GOAL
objective goals will then be identified under each identified skill area. The
goals should consist of both short and long term goals and should offer ways of
evaluating their achievements (should be measurable). The timeline for meeting
each of the goals should also be clearly shown to offer room for progression.
STEP 3: ESTERBLISHING
GOAL RELATED TASKS.
performance of this task will serve to indicate if the goals are being met.
There will be progress if goals of a given level are well met as reflected in
the results of each related task. All tasks should however point to a common
purpose on enhancing the development of a well-equipped global leader. Timelines for every task and assignment
should be clearly specified.
STEP 4: RESOURCE
For the purpose of the
plan to be realized an assessment of the availability of required resources and
materials should be done. Relevant resources should be identified for every
goal related activity.
STEP 5: IDENTIFING
ALTERNATIVE COURSE OF ACTION.
Creativity should be applied
in trying to find alternative solutions to the tasks already completed. There
is need to exercise open mindedness in order to have a wide scope of vision on
each of the areas tackled.
Evaluation is a
continuous process done at all levels. At this final stage, summative
evaluation is done to assess if the goal of the plan is achieved (development
of a global leader) formative evaluation will be done by examining if the goals
of every task have been accomplished with success. Summative evaluation can be
done at the end of every stage to give an account of whether for instance;
global thinking skill has been mastered well. Summative evaluation at the end
of the process would be done by having
an overall view on the whole process to ascertain if all the competences have
been mastered i.e. is one able to take a
leading role as an effective global leader.
Action Steps of the
AREA TO BE DEVELOPED
to identify self.
Educating on global issues and trends
Merging own experience and gained knowledge to explain global issues
to global realities
discussions on global issues.
ones cultural back ground.
to global cultures.
variations in global cultures.
of importance of technology.
impact of technology to global issues.
of areas of partnerships.
discussion on group cohesion.
talk on challenges of global partnerships.
of global issues that require shared leadership.
illustration of shared leadership.
Education on responsible leadership.
conclusion global leadership entails an attempt to develop leaders flexible
enough to take initiative in providing stewardship towards addressing global
challenges. It’s imperative to note that contemporary theorists, in their view
of an effective leader contradict the hitherto held ideas that leaders are
basically born with leadership traits.
( Ebert and Griffin, 2009).They advance a reasoning that leaders can as well be
made and situations play a fundamental role in determining the most effective
leadership style to apply. These theories if applied to solving global issues
have the potency to offer concrete solutions to matters of global concern.
Global security, economy, environment, development and shared leadership have
been given a keen approach with an attempt to show how leadership styles and
skills can be of utility in enhancing global stability. Gardeners five levels
of competency; the disciplinary mind that calls for a mastery of knowledge
advanced by various schools of thoughts, the synthesizing mind that advocates
bringing together various knowledge in to a whole, creating mind which
emphasizes innovativeness, respectful mind that advocates for honesty on intellectual
boundaries and the ethical mind which encourages open mindedness in bid to
overcome all forms of biases have been discussed.
analysis of the leadership development inventory revealed twelve leadership
competencies which are measured in order to determine how effective a leader
is. An effective leader should be visionary; able to read in to the future and
offer the most effective course towards addressing future concerns. Such a
leader should be able to empower followers and make them motivated and inspired
to achieve. A successful global leader must be able to design and align the
style of leadership to prevailing situation and developmental level of the
followers. Other competencies measured by the leadership inventory tool
include; global mindset, outside orientation, life balance, resilience to
stress, emotional intelligence, team building and ability to reward and give a
clear feedback to followers.
A development plan to guide the development of self
to a global leader of choice has been clearly shown with a keen emphasis on
those skill areas which need to be developed; Global thinking, technological
mindset, cultural diversity, shared leadership, and global partnerships. The
plan highlights action plans under each skill area and offers a guide on how
the achievement of important milestones will be evaluated. Evaluation is done
both formative and summative in order to ascertain progress made towards
realizing both the short term and long term goals of the process. The developed
plan consists of six stages:identification of skill areas for
improvement, goal identification, establishing goal related tasks, resource
identification, identifying alternative course of action, and evaluation.
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